Less Salt Consumed Would Prevent Millions of Heart Attacks

by Wall Street Rebel - Michael London | 08/22/2022 9:00 AM
Less Salt Consumed Would Prevent Millions of Heart Attacks

Statistical findings were used to predict how each of the three programs would lower systolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure was the best indication of future cardiovascular problems.


Healthy China 2030 is a Chinese government policy to improve the general health of the country's people and reduce the number of deaths related to dietary patterns. One of the things that the government seeks to improve is salt usage.

A new study published in the journal BMJ Nutrition Prevention & Health used computer models. According to the study, limiting salt consumption by just one gram per day might avoid 9 million cardiac events and save 4 million lives by 2030.

According to Dr. Monique Tan, a researcher at Action on Salt and co-author of the study, "the major point here is that cutting back on salt, even by a very little amount, can bring huge health advantages." This information was provided to Nutrition Insight by Dr. Monique Tan. This is true not only for China but also for any other country, as the average daily salt intake in all countries is far higher than the maximum suggested intake limit of no more than 5 grams per day.

According to the conclusions reached by Tan, "in terms of minimizing the amount of salt that is used in manufactured foods, what would be required is for the government to set salt targets for the business to comply with." If we want salt reduction to be effective across the country and maintained over time, "Interventions would now need to be integrated into a government program."

The more you contribute, the more you will receive in return.

The study suggests that the goals should be reasonable to succeed with any of the programs, which would save many lives.

China has the greatest average salt consumption of any country, coming in at 11 grams daily. According to the findings of this study, increased salt consumption leads to hypertension, which dramatically raises the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is responsible for forty percent of all fatalities that occur annually in the country.

According to Tan, "we have found that in China, which as a nation has one of the world's highest salt intake levels, if every adult would cut their daily salt intake by just 1 g, and would stick to this reduced salt intake level, we could prevent nearly nine million cases of strokes and heart disease by the year 2030."

The study's findings, published in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention, and Health, reveal further that numerous plans are currently being implemented to lessen the quantity of salt consumed by the Chinese populace. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests a reduction of thirty percent by the year 2025, equivalent to 3.2 grams per day. "Healthy China 2030," China's reduction strategy, was just released. This program's ultimate objective is to reduce consumption to less than 5 g per day by 2030, comparable to 6 g per day.

Action on the salt used the most recent data regarding salt consumption, regional blood pressure, cardiovascular disease rates, and population size to estimate how the three distinct programs would lower systolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is the best indicator of future complications related to cardiovascular disease.

According to the findings, the plan proposed by the WHO has the potential to avoid 14 million heart attacks and strokes by the year 2030, six million of which would be fatal. If this trend continues until 2040, the number of heart attacks and strokes that occur could reach 27 million, with 12 million cases resulting in fatalities.

The "Healthy China 2030" plan has the potential to produce even more favorable outcomes. It was discovered to reduce systolic blood pressure by more than seven mmHg and has the potential to prevent 17 million heart attacks and strokes by the year 2030, of which eight million would be fatal.

"The majority of the salt people in China consume the salt they add when they cook or prepare food," explains Tan. "This salt can take the shape of conventional table salt or salty condiments like soy sauce." "What this means is that for a strategy to reduce salt intake in China to be effective, it needs to address both the high salt content of produced goods and the particular dietary preferences of Chinese people."

"Diets are changing quickly as well, with individuals of all socio-demographic groups in China consuming more and more processed foods," she continues. "This phenomenon is occurring across the country." Due to the lack of control, these foods typically contain a significant amount of salt. Their rising popularity, supported by the marketing, promotion, and advertising practices of the food business, has the potential to undercut any reductions in salt consumption that have been so painstakingly achieved in China. "In China, most of the salt that people consume is the salt they add themselves when they cook or prepare food, either in the form of regular table salt or of salty condiments like soy sauce," explains Tan. "This means that for a salt reduction strategy to be effective in China, it needs to address both individual dietary habits and the high salt content of manufactured foods."

"Diets are changing fast too, with people of all socio-demographic backgrounds in China consuming more and more processed foods," she continues. "With no regulation, these foods are very high in salt. Their growing popularity, backed by food industry marketing, promotion, and advertising, could potentially undermine any hard-won reductions in salt intake in China."


•        Salt is essential for bodily function, but too much or too little of it can be harmful.

•        Forty percent of salt is composed of sodium. If the sodium content is listed on a food label instead of the salt content, multiply the sodium amount by 2.5 to accurately represent the salt content.

•        Most Americans consume excessive salt, and around 75 percent of that salt is concealed in processed and packaged foods.

•        The American Heart Association (AHA) suggests limiting your daily sodium consumption to no more than 2.3 grams (g) or 2,300 milligrams (mg), which is equivalent to around one teaspoon, and ideally to no more than 1,500 mg.


Here in the United States:

Last year, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a guide to minimizing the amount of salt Americans consume in restaurants, school cafeterias, and food trucks, as well as when they eat packaged and prepared foods at home. The FDA justified the release of these guidelines by citing an epidemic of diet-related ailments.

After years of delay, the proposals aim to lower average daily sodium intake by 12% over the next two and a half years by urging food manufacturers, restaurants, and food service organizations to minimize their use of salt. The amount of salt used in food manufacturing will be reduced to achieve this.

Health experts praised the new guidelines, saying they will help call attention to the problem of excess sodium. This goal amounts to around 3,000 milligrams of salt, slightly more than a teaspoon, even though the average daily salt consumption in the United States is 3,400 milligrams. Many health experts, however, are concerned that voluntary measures may not be sufficient to induce change in an industry that usually resists governmental supervision.

Extremely high rates of hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular illnesses like heart attacks, strokes, and renal failure, have been related to the widespread use of salty foods in the United States. More than 40% of U.S. adults, including a much larger proportion of adult African-Americans, have hypertension.

From what we know now, approximately 70% of the salt intake of the average American comes from commercially processed and packaged foods and eating out.


%Code%                                  Why is too much salt bad for you?

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